Climate Change and Global Warming

Climate Change and Global Warming


7 Essential Items to Keep in Your Vehicle

If you’re like most car owners, chances are there’s some junk in your trunk. Time to clear it out and make space for some items that just might save your life one day. You probably think that you already have them—but then again you might not. Time to pop the lid and take a look at the 7 things you do not want to be caught in your car without.


  • Fully charged fire extinguisher –

Unlike the seatbelt law, there is no law that says you have to keep a fire extinguisher in your car. But should your car or the car of another motorist you come upon ever catch fire, you’ll be glad you have one on board. Note that the above title reads “fully charged fire extinguisher,” which means that once you obtain your fire extinguisher it should be checked periodically to make sure it is fully charged and functional. Although most car fires are electrical, the fire extinguisher you purchase should be rated to handle all types of fires. You should also become acquainted with the proper use of a fire extinguisher, as using it incorrectly could result in a serious injury.

Sounds obvious, but a flat tire has stranded many a motorist because they neglected to make sure they had the full tire-changing setup in the trunk. A fully inflated spare tire, check. Jack, check. Lug wrench, check. Chock or block of wood to keep the car from rolling if on an incline, check. Once the complete setup is assembled your work is not yet done. You must now make sure that you and everyone who is going to drive the car has a working knowledge of how to change a flat tire. The best way to accomplish that is to give a tire-changing tutorial wherein you physically go through every step.

  • Reflective signs or road flares –

You can’t control where your car breaks down, but you can be prepared to warn other drivers of the road hazard your car has become. If you’ve ever taken a defensive driving course, you would know that road flares or reflective triangles are essential emergency items that very well could save your life and the lives of other motorists.

There’s nothing like the sinking feeling you get when you go to start your car and discover that the battery is dead. Fortunately, most motorists will be willing to give you a jumpstart. But don’t bet on them having jumper cables. It’s best to carry your own set. Make sure your cables are in good shape and that the positive and negative clamps are clearly marked and corrosion free. In addition, you’ll want to make sure you know how to use them correctly.

  • Fully functional flashlights –

Flashlights are another important item to keep in your car. Other than providing light at night, a flashlight can also come in handy when looking under the hood, under a seat, or in the trunk during the daytime. Buy a flashlight especially for your car. If you live where it rains a lot, a waterproof flashlight is a good idea. And while you’re at it, keep a set of fresh batteries on hand so you’ll have a nice bright beam when you need it.

You never know when you may need to render first- aid while on the road. Your car first-aid kit should contain the basics, such as bandages, tweezers, and antibiotic ointments. Over the counter pain medications and instant cold or heat packs could also be included. For those with medical conditions requiring prescription medications, a one-day supply should be included in the event of being stranded. Make sure to check all expiration dates to make certain all items in the kit are in date.

In the event of a road emergency that leaves you stranded for any length of time or requires exertion, such as changing a tire in extreme weather, you’ll want to keep several bottles of water in the trunk to make sure all passengers stay adequately hydrated. On that note, for those who live in areas where being stranded in inclement weather could be a real possibility—particularly during the winter—it’s best to be prepared by storing extra blankets and warm clothing.

From Global Change:  A few other things I would have is a tool kit like the one in the picture.  I have used that goodyear one in the picture for about 7 years with no problems.  I would also recommend having a hammer, crescent wrench and vise grips. I would have some beef jerky or some type of food like datrex emergency bars in your vehicle.


12 Must-Watch Survival Movies – Best Survival Movies of All Time

The popularity of survival movies has really grown over the past couple of years. I have rated these movies in three different categories.  The categories are: realisticness, survival value and entertainment factor.  Each of these is on a A – F Grading Scale with A being best and F being worst.  These ratings are all based on my opinion so you may not feel the same.

Survival Movies

Waterworld– Realisticness- D Survival Value-D Entertainment factor-C+ The Earth is now filled with water, but some people believe there is still dry land on the earth.  This is one of the many survival movies about the fight over resources.  As in many movies, this is a fight between the protagonist (Kevin Costner) and the antagonist (Dennis Hopper) and his cronies (called the smokers).  This movie is fun to watch but I don’t feel it was realistic or offered much in the way of survival value.


The Postman– Realisticness-B Survival Value-C Entertainment factor-B I feel the reviews of this movie by critics don’t give it justice. In this film, the United States is a very different place with little order.  Many people have gone back to a dark ages style of living with no electricity, very little law, and a tyrant thug (Will Patton) trying to gain power.  The protagonist (Kevin Costner), a drifter, finds a way to make a difference in the world even though he is originally only worried about his own livelihood and well-being.  This was a very long movie, but I really enjoyed it and liked its sense of hope.  I thought this movie offered decently realistic insight on what could happen with a breakdown of society and numerous years of lawlessness.  It had a few areas that I think gave it some survival value, but overall, it was just one of the entertaining survival movies.

The Road– Realisticness-A Survival Value-B Entertainment factor-C While I didn’t feel this was one of the survival movies that lived up to my expectations, I feel it accurately portrayed the emotional rollercoaster that an end of the world situation would create. The characters in this movie were not able to trust anyone around them, and they lacked the resources necessary to carry on a normal life, which could be an accurate outcome in a real societal breakdown. I think this movie, while being boring in some spots, felt very realistic and showed the dreary outlook of the main character (Viggo Mortenson) in a post apocalyptic world with no hope.  On the survival value front, I thought there were some topics to take away from the story line that would be useful in real life.  I felt that this movie allowed me to realize that striving for happiness and wishing to live life to the fullest despite terrible circumstances is key to beating the end.

I am Legend– Realisticness-C Survival Value-B- Entertainment factor-B This is another of the survival movies that I think showed great emotion. The main character (Will Smith) and his dog attempt to survive throughout this film despite the constant threat of zombies. I will say this movie has one of the saddest scenes in any movie I have ever seen, which makes the whole movie worth watching.  This survival movie really shows you how important a companion is when you are lonely.  Other than the importance of companionship, there were only a few survival lessons to be learned.

Book of Eli– Realisticness-C Survival Value-C Entertainment factor-B I felt Book of Eli with Denzel Washington and Mila Kunis was worth the watch.  This survival movie showed how important being aware of your surroundings is.  Also in a disaster ridden world it shows how there will be people that will take power any way they see fit.  The use of religion to control people is what the antagonist (Gary Oldman) uses to gain power.  If you are a Christian or are religious this is definitely an important movie to watch because it shows how people can use religion and the Bible for good as well as evil to push their own motives. Even so, in the end, this movie didn’t show the Bible or Christianity in a bad light.  I thought the lesson of being aware was the best survival value it gave.

Jeremiah Johnson– Realisticness-A Survival Value-B Entertainment factor-B Jeremiah Johnson (Robert Redford) is one of the best survival movies.  This movie is about a man who wants to live as a hermit living off the land, who wishes to be left alone to do his own thing.  This is the oldest movie on my list and also one of the best.  I believe it has great survival value and is quite realistic.  In one scene, Jeremiah Johnson finds a man who has been dead for a while with a note on him saying, “I, Hatchet Jack, being of sound mind and broke legs, do hereby leaveth my bear rifle to whatever finds it, Lord hope it be a white man. It is a good rifle, and killt the bear that killt me. Anyway, I am dead. Yours truly, Hatchet Jack.”  How can you not love this movie with a scene like that? This movie is great at depicting how to live off the land and be self-sufficient.

Castaway– Realisticness-B Survival Value-C Entertainment factor-B Castaway, starring Tom Hanks, is a family survival movie.  There is some survival value to this movie like starting a fire or taking an abscessed tooth out with an ice skate.  The main character is involved in a commercial UPS type plane crash that leaves him stranded on an island with no other survivors.  It illustrates how ingenious people can be when they do not have the conventional tools for survival.

Into the wild– Realisticness-A Survival Value-B Entertainment factor-B Into the wild is the true survival story of Christopher McCandless (Emile Hirsch) who gives up his ordinary life to roam the US and live in Alaska.  This is an ultimate adventure movie that shows how Christopher lived all by himself in the Alaskan wilderness with only what he could carry on his back.  This film offered good survival value, and it taught me something very important: never eat wild plants unless you know exactly what they are and if they are safe to eat.

Zombieland– Realisticness-D Survival Value-D Entertainment factor-A- This is really a comedic approach at the survival and zombie genre.  While there is really no realisticness or survival value to speak of it, is very funny.  This survival movie stars Jesse Eisenberg, Woody Harrelson, and Emma Stone. During the film, they all come together to help each other survive a zombie infested world.  In my opinion, one of the best cameos of all time occurs during this movie.  Just watch and see!

28 Days Later– Realisticness-B Survival Value-C Entertainment factor-B 28 Days Later is a survival movie starring Cillian Murphy (Batman Begins).  After a virus wipes out almost everybody on the planet, a few survivors come together to try and find a safe place to live.  This was a good movie that portrayed what could happen if an epidemic were to spread very quickly.  This survival movie does not have tons of survival value, but it still provides insight on the possibility of a nation or worldwide epidemic.

Mad Max/Road Warrior/Beyond Thunderdome– Realisticness-D Survival Value-D Entertainment factor-B Mad Max, The Road Warrior, and Beyond Thunderdome are very entertaining and fun survival movies to watch, but they are very unrealistic.  Mel Gibson stars as Mad Max, a man who lives in a post apocalyptic world who also tries to improve life for himself and others.  There really was not much survival value in these movies, but there are cool vehicles with many types of weapons, which makes them entertaining.

Red Dawn– Realisticness-B- Survival Value-B Entertainment factor-A+ Red Dawn is not just one of my favorite survival movies, but also one of my favorite movies  It has quite a few stars before they were household names (Patrick Swayze, Charlie Sheen, Lea Thompson and Jennifer Grey).   The Russians and Cubans have taken part of Colorado and are rounding people up, whom they believe to be threats, into camps.  A group of high schoolers get together and live in the woods.  They badge themselves the “Wolverines” and try to take back the land that was previously theirs.  This is a great movie that provided survival value in the way of outdoor living, hunting and fishing.  The other thing I love about this movie, that others have also expressed, is that when you finish watching this movie, you feel extremely patriotic and proud of the great people that live in the United States.

Rescue Dawn– Realisticness-A Survival Value-B Entertainment factor-C This survival movie is the true story of Dieter Dengler (Christian Bale), a German American fighter pilot whose plane is shot down over Laos during the Vietnam War and captured.  I believe this film gives you a picture of how the living conditions in prisoner camps were. Additionally, it shows how important having a strong-will is when you need to get out of a seemingly dead end situation.  There are many scenes in this film that have survival value, especially when they escape from the camp and must live outdoors and survive in the wild.

Alone Across Australia– Realisticness-A Survival Value-B+ Entertainment factor-B+ This is survival documentary is not well known, but still provides pretty great survival value.  The only reason I saw this was because I attended a small independent film festival in my town.  This is the story of Jon Muir and his dog that set out on a trip across Australia with only him, his dog, and what he could carry on his homemade cart.  This is a great look at survival and has the highest survival value out of any of the survival movies I have reviewed.  Out of all the movies I’ve ever seen, this film probably has the saddest scene because what happened in the movie was what happened in real life.  If you get a chance, definitely watch this documentary.  The only problem is it is difficult to find and usually expensive because of its rarity.

Survival Movies I Want to See

127 Hours– It seems like this is one of the survival movies that would really be a great one.  This is the true story of Aron Ralston(James Franco) who is bouldering alone in Moab when he gets stuck.  This seems like it would be great because it demonstrates how we make decisions when in desperate circumstances.

Quest for Fire – This is a survival movie with Ron Perlman and Everett McGill that is set in prehistoric times.  It is an adventure story about three tribesmen who try to find a source of fire.

The Way Back– The Way Back starring Colin Farrell and Ed Harris is an escape and survival movie. Siberian prisoners that escape and walk a long distance to get to India where they will be free. This is one of the survival movies that looks like it could be a real winner.